The process itself uses the energy of the sun and the phenomena of photosynthesis. The natural properties of sunlight, air and soil allow the spontaneous production of biomass. Burning biomass produces heat that can in turn be converted into other clean energy, such as electricity, heat or mechanical energy. The use of biomass as an energy carrier has many advantages - ecological, economic and social.
Biomass is plant and animal matter that is biodegradable. Gaseous, liquid and solid biofuels (pellets and briquettes) are produced from biomass. The most efficient extraction of energy from biomass is done by burning it. The heat generated in this way is used to generate electricity. The Renewable Energy Source, which is biomass, is formed spontaneously and regardless of weather conditions.
In order to generate bioenergy from biomass, various raw materials are used, which are divided according to their origin. We distinguish primary energy raw materials (wood, straw, sludge) and secondary raw materials (biogas, ethanol, waste paper, oil esters). Let's list a few of the biomass sources:
Biomass can also be converted into biogas. It is produced by fermentation of sludge from sewage treatment plants, organic landfill waste and fermentation of manure on farms. Pyrolysis gas is used to drive internal combustion engines or for combustion in gas boilers.
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